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Ukraine set to establish new church, secure split from Russia

Meeting in Kiev’s Saint Sophia’s Cathedral aims to unite branches of the Orthodox church into a single independent body.

    Ukrainian priests are set to hold an historic synod on Saturday to work towards founding an independent church, in what Kiev authorities hope will be a further step out of Russia’s orbit.

    Ties between the ex-Soviet neighbours have broken down since Moscow annexed Crimea in 2014 following a pro-Western uprising in Kiev and this year those tensions spilled into the religious arena. 

    The synod will seek to realise a landmark decision by Istanbul-based Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I to recognise Ukraine’s independence from the Russian Orthodox Church.

    The ruling in October sparked fury in Moscow, which has overseen the Ukrainian branch of Orthodoxy for the last 332 years, and saw the Russian Orthodox Church cut all ties with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.

    The meeting will take place in Kiev’s Saint Sophia Cathedral aiming to unite various branches of the Orthodox church in Ukraine into a single independent body.

    But Ukraine’s Moscow-loyal church has said it will not send any representatives to the synod.

    ‘Gang of bandits’

    Archpriest Anatoliy, the senior priest at the Cathedral of the Nativity, which is aligned with Russian Orthodoxy, told Al Jazeera that he would not back the new church.

    “We will not recognise its legitimacy,” he said. “This is not a council, this is a gang of bandits who have gathered to take over the temples and destroy the church.”

    That leaves the meeting between the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kiev Patriarchate, the country’s largest branch by the number of believers, and the smaller Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church.

    Ukraine’s SBU security service warned this week that Russia plans “provocations” in the country when the clerics are due to meet.

    The SBU’s deputy head Viktor Kononenko asked Ukrainians on Thursday to “refrain from holding any [political] gatherings during this period” so that they “could not be used by the aggressor to weaken or discredit our country”.

    Earlier this month, Ukrainian authorities raided several Orthodox churches aligned with Russia as religious tensions between the two countries grew.

    The Russian church and the Kremlin have both said they fear Kiev will use force to wrest Moscow-loyal churches and monasteries into its control.

    before the council, Russia’s Patriarch Kirill appealed to the pope, the United Nations and others in the West to defend his church in Ukraine from “persecution”.

    Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko – who is expected to attend the council – has made an independent church a campaign pledge as he looks ahead to an unpredictable presidential election next year.

    Kiev officials have framed the church issue as one of national security, with Poroshenko in the past referring to the branch loyal to the Moscow Patriarchate as a “threat”.

    The synod comes shortly after a maritime crisis that saw Russia seize three Ukrainian navy ships and arrest 24 sailors in the waters around Crimea.

    If the attempt to create a unified Ukrainian Church is successful, it would be among the largest in the Orthodox world in terms of the number of believers.

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