If Donald Trump was looking for direction in the special House committee’s investigation into the Capitol attack, the former president has an unsettling roadmap.
In a series of public appearances a year after the insurrection, panel leaders put Trump on notice that they have gathered evidence calling into question whether he defaulted on his oath of office to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.
Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., the committee’s co-chair, said that while Trump's supporters besieged the Capitol, the president passively watched the violence unfold on television from his White House dining room, indifferent to pleas from his own family that he stop it.
The alleged inaction, Chairman Bennie Thompson, D-Miss., suggested, could have perilous – even criminal – consequences.
"If, in the course of our review, we find something that we think warrants review or recommendation to the Department of Justice … we will do it," Thompson told ABC’s "This Week." "We are not looking for it, but if we find it, we will absolutely make the (criminal) referral."
The ominous assessment comes six months after the panel started its work. Though a handful of witnesses sought to resist the committee demands for information and testimony – former White House political strategist Steve Bannon and former chief of staff Mark Meadows among them – more than 300 others submitted to interviews, and thousands of records have been turned over to committee investigators.
Trump has repeatedly questioned the investigation's legitimacy, referring to the panel as the "unselect" committee while making false claims that the 2020 election was "rigged."
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“We hope to be able to tell the story to the country so that they understand it isn’t just about that one day, Jan. 6, but all that led up to it and the continuing danger going forward,” Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., a panel member, told CBS’ "Face the Nation."
Last month, Trump asked the Supreme Court to block the House panel from obtaining documents that might provide a fuller picture of the White House's real-time response to the assault. Trump’s lawyers, Justin Clark and Jesse Binnall, argued that the information is protected by executive privilege and that Congress should be limited in its access to presidential records.
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A decision is pending in that high-stakes dispute, but lawmakers have pursued information and testimony on separate tracks, signaling that they reached into the former president's inner circle.
Some of the most potentially damaging assessments have come from the committee's two Republican members, including Cheney.
"The committee has firsthand testimony that President Trump was sitting in the dining room next to the Oval Office, watching on television as the Capitol was assaulted, as the violence occurred," Cheney told CBS' "Face the Nation" on Sunday. "We know that that is clearly a supreme dereliction of duty … we've certainly never seen anything like that as a nation before."
Cheney said family members, White House staff and lawmakers pleaded with Trump to take action as the riot intensified.
"We know his daughter – we have firsthand testimony – that his daughter Ivanka went in at least twice to ask him to please stop this violence," Cheney told ABC's "This Week,"saying Trump's refusal to call a halt to the violence represented a "dereliction of duty."
Last month, Rep. Adam Kinzinger, R-Ill., a committee member, said the panel would examine whether Trump broke the law in his efforts to obstruct or impede Congress's certification of the 2020 presidential election.
"That's obviously a pretty big thing to say," Kinzinger told CNN.
He said the Jan. 6 committee would probably be able to determine that by the time its work is finished.
"By the time our report is out, (we will) have a pretty good idea" of whether Trump violated any laws, Kinzinger told CNN. "Nobody … is above the law. Nobody. Not the (former) president. He's not a king."
What could happen next: Rep. Adam Kinzinger says Jan. 6 committee will determine if Trump committed a crime
The Justice Department is pursuing a criminal contempt case against Bannon, who was charged in November; a decision on whether to charge Meadows is pending.
Both refused to cooperate, arguing that their communications with the former president are shielded by Trump's claim of executive privilege, prompting House votes to hold each of them in contempt and refer the cases to federal prosecutors.
Bannon, who was in contact with the president during the run-up to Jan. 6, is charged with refusing to appear for a deposition and produce documents to the committee. Each count carries a maximum of one year in jail, as well as a fine of up to $1,000. A trial has been set for July 18.
Meadows provided some documents to the committee before refusing to testify under subpoena. His lawyer, George Terwilliger, urged the panel not to pursue contempt charges because Meadows was under orders from the president to keep his communication confidential.
Mark Meadows' texts: What did the White House know about the danger in the Capitol on Jan. 6? Here's what the messages said.
Thompson, the committee chairman, said Meadows refused to testify after providing 9,000 pages of documents to the panel. Those documents included texts from lawmakers and Fox News personalities, urging the chief of staff to push Trump to call off the mob.
"Mark, the president needs to tell people in the Capitol to go home," Fox News host Laura Ingraham wrote to Meadows. "This is hurting all of us. He (Trump) is destroying his legacy."
On Tuesday, the committee requested the cooperation of one of Fox's personalities, Sean Hannity, referring to him as a "fact witness" and indicating that he "had advance knowledge regarding President Trump’s and his legal team’s planning for January 6th."
The committee referred to text messages that Hannity, one of Trump's closest broadcast allies, allegedly sent to Meadows citing media accounts about a possible effort by Trump's Cabinet to remove him from office under terms of the 25th Amendment.
"We would like to question you regarding any conversations you had with Mr. Meadows or others about any effort to remove the President under the 25th Amendment," the committee's letter to Hannity stated.
Besides Hannity, Bannon and Meadows, otherclose Trump advisers and associates who have drawn the committee's interest include former national security adviser Michael Flynn and lawyer John Eastman.
Flynn reportedly attended a meeting Dec. 18 in the Oval Office during which participants discussed seizing voting machines, declaring a national emergency and invoking national security emergency powers, according to the committee. Eastman wrote a memo aimed at challenging the 2020 election.
Thompson told CNN Tuesday that the committee would like to hear from former Vice President Mike Pence. No formal request has been made for Pence's testimony.
Any determination on whether Trump's actions – or inaction – Jan. 6 rise to criminal conduct would be up to the Justice Department. Attorney General Merrick Garland has repeatedly declined comment on whether Trump's role is part of the far-flung investigation into the assault, which has resulted in charges against more than 700 people.
The committee is likely to reveal more of its findings during a series of public hearings in the next few months. Schiff, the California congressman, outlined a potentially sweeping hearing agenda that would examine efforts to overturn the election, Trump's pressure campaign aimed at local election officials and the events leading to the attack Jan. 6.
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"What we expect to do is to lay out what we've been learning for the American people," Schiff told CBS' "Face the Nation." "We have gotten tens of thousands of documents and have hundreds of witnesses, so we're trying to get information in various means and forms. … But, of course, it's the hope of Donald Trump and his acolytes that they can delay until they can deny justice."
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Capitol riot: Did Trump default on oath of office on Jan. 6?
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